Policymakers plan to implement peer-to-peer trading in the near future after Thailand’s reliance on an enhanced single buyer (ESB) model for more than three decades. Under the ESB model, each private power producer must sell surplus electricity to the three state utilities: Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Provincial Electricity Authority and Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA). In the past, only state power utilities could legally produce and distribute electricity. In the 1990s, policymakers allowed private power producers to sell to state utilities’ grid. Energy Minister Siri Jirapongphan said the country cannot depend on the ESB model. The global trend of electricity generation uses a variety of models, including peer-to-peer trading and smart grids, and Thailand must adapt to these changes, he said. He said a revised national power development plan (PDP) will add a time frame for peer-to-peer power trading.