Grid Codes and Regulations Consultant

Published onDecember 4, 2020

Abt Associates, a global leader in technical assistance, program implementation and international development, seeks qualified individual consultants, to provide services for the USAID Clean Power Asia program for a Grid Codes and Regulations Consultant to determine the minimum grid code requirements to facilitate bilateral and multilateral power trade and increase the ability of the ASEAN Power Grid to accommodate higher levels of VRE in power systems in Southeast Asia.

The primary objective of USAID Clean Power Asia is to work with Lower Mekong (LM) countries and other Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) developing member states to encourage power sector investments in environmentally friendly, clean energy sources, specifically focusing on scaling up investment in grid-connected renewable power. USAID Clean Power Asia is a program funded by USAID and implemented by Abt Associates. When any reference is made to approvals or authorizations, it will be stipulated whether those decisions are contractually made by USAID or Abt Associates as implementer. As the client, any decisions made by USAID and communicated to Abt Associates are final.


Abt Associates is supporting the Head of ASEAN Power Utilities/Authorities (HAPUA) through the ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) on the first step in moving towards a multilateral power market, through the ASEAN Interconnection Master Plan Study (AIMS). To complement this study, the International Energy Agency (IEA) conducted a feasibility study for developing a voluntary multilateral power market in Southeast Asia, and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and SE Asia (ERIA) conducted a study on institutional arrangements required for developing this market.

The purpose of AIMS III is to determine the combined generation and transmission needs for Southeast Asia, the opportunities for increasing bilateral and multilateral power trade, and the potential for increasing the amount of variable renewable energy (VRE) on the ASEAN power grid. This process includes three phases. Phase 1 includes an RE resource assessment, capacity expansion planning, production cost modeling, and a socio-economic-environmental assessment. A second phase to analyze the impact on the system’s reliability may also be completed. The ultimate goal is to identify the transmission interconnections to be included in an updated ASEAN Power Grid plan.

Scope of Work

The consultant will conduct a desk study of various international reports, studies, and publications related to grid codes in Southeast Asia, focused on facilitating interconnected power systems and power trade as well as integrating more variable renewable energy into the grids of SE Asian countries. Documents to review include, but are not limited to:

  • Analyses of grid codes in the Lower Mekong prepared under the Asian Development Bank- ADB’s GMS program
  • JICA reports on medium-term power plans and grid codes
  • Reports by the International Energy Agency (IEA)
  • A Report by the German Corporation for International Cooperation GmbH (GIZ) on existing grid codes and gap analyses
  • Other documents as determined by Abt Associates in consultation with the consultant

The consultant will synthesize the information; prepare a gap analysis of Southeast Asian grid codes in terms of facilitating bilateral and multilateral power trade as well as increasing the share of variable renewable energy in power production in each country; provide recommendations to Abt Associates on critical issues to be addressed; and make technical recommendations on grid code changes and institutional changes required to implement the recommendations. While the focus is on all Southeast Asian countries, particular attention should be paid to remaining gaps for the Lower Mekong countries.

S/he is also expected to provide a framework for improving grid codes to facilitate expanded bilateral power trade among Southeast Asian countries, i.e., developing a strategy for providing technical assistance to Southeast Asian countries and to ASEAN to improve grid codes and strengthen relevant institutions. The consultant will work with a transmission planner consultant to coordinate with JICA and prepare presentations on the analysis. Lastly, s/he will write a scope for a firm to analyze all relevant technical and regulatory barriers to bilateral and multilateral trade.

Closing date:December 16, 2020